Energy Storage

Energy Storage

  • Rechargeable batteries provide the power for many electronic devices that we use every day, such as cell phones, tablets and laptops, and the electric cars that are becoming a common sight. Due to the high demand for effective energy storage, industrial research continues to develop batteries with optimized properties regarding charging speed, energy density and lifetime. WITec imaging systems enable the comprehensive characterization of batteries and fuel cells. Raman imaging is able to show the distribution of electrolyte and electrode materials and investigate their crystallinity. It can be combined with complementary imaging techniques to study, for example, surface structures.

    • In 2019, the development of lithium-ion batteries was recognized with the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino. The research group of John B. Goodenough at the University of Texas in Austin uses a WITec alpha300 Raman microscope for their scientific work.


      Sample handling under protective atmospheres such as nitrogen or argon is required for many production processes in, for example, the semiconductor and automotive industries. WITec microscopes can be equipped with automated components that enable remote operation within environmental enclosures (Gray et al. 2020, DOI: 10.1063/5.0006462). All steps of the Raman measurement are controlled with WITec’s Suite FIVE software and intuitive EasyLink handheld controller. Even self-alignment and self-calibration of the system is possible with the click of a button.

    • WITec apyron GloveBox
      WITec alpha300 apyron fully automated Raman microscope in an environmental enclosure (glove box by MBRAUN, Garching, Germany).

Application Examples

  • WITec Battery Raman Whitelight
    Raman image overlaid on a white-light image of a lithium-ion battery. The anode consists of graphitic (cyan) and amorphous carbon (blue), the separator of polypropylene (yellow) and polyethylene sheets (green) and the cathode of lithium metal oxide (red) and amorphous carbon (blue).
    Sample courtesy of Timo Sörgel, Gerhard Schneider (Institut für Materialforschung, Hochschule Aalen, Germany)
  • WITec BatteryParticle2 RISE Raman
    RISE (Raman-SEM) image of electrochemically deposited Li(NiMnCo)O2 battery particles. Different colors indicate different local cobalt and nickel concentrations. The inset shows the Raman image. The scale bar indicates 10 µm in both pictures.
    Sample courtesy of Timo Sörgel, Gerhard Schneider (Institut für Materialforschung, Hochschule Aalen, Germany)
  • WITec BatteryCycled RISE
    RISE (Raman-SEM) image of the cathode of a fast cycled lithium-ion battery. Changes due to repeated cycling influence the composition of the lithium metal oxide particles.
    Sample courtesy of Dean Miller (Tescan USA)
  • Learn more about RISE imaging of batteries

    Correlative Raman Imaging and Scanning Electron (RISE) microscopy can characterize chemical and structural details of a battery sample using one instrument featuring a common vacuum chamber for both methods. You can find a detailed study in our cover story Looking into Batteries with Raman by K. Hollricher, D. Strom and U. Schmidt in Imaging & Microscopy 23(2): 14 – 15 (May 2021).

Correlative Raman Imaging

Imaging Systems for Battery Research



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